Wharton, Hemingway, and the Advent of Modernism is the first collection that examines the connections linking two major American writers of the twentieth century, Edith Wharton and Ernest Hemingway. In twelve critical essays, along with a foreword and an introduction, scholars from both camps explore the authors’ overlapping interests, contexts, and aesthetic techniques. Thematic sections highlight components in each author’s works that reveal their shared association with major trends in literary modernism, focusing on stylistic and formal experimentation, the Great War, European culture (including the expatriate movement), gender roles, technological advancements, and intertextualities between literature and popular texts. Together, the essays prove that comparative studies of Wharton and Hemingway open new avenues for understanding the broader aesthetic and cultural movements central to the development of American literary modernism in the early decades of the twentieth century. Contributors include Parley Ann Boswell, Dustin Faulstick, Anna Green, Peter Hays, Jennifer Haytock, Caroline Chamberlin Hellman, Ellen Andrews Knodt, Cecilia Macheski, Milena Radeva-Costello, Laura Rattray, Sirpa Salenius, Lisa Tyler, and Linda Wagner-Martin.